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Metro to Dulles Airport
Washington Dulles International Airport (IAD) is located in Chantilly, Virginia, on 12,000 acres of land in the suburbs of downtown Washington, DC. The Main Terminal opened in 1962 and was designed by architect Eero Saarinen. Dulles is a major hub for domestic and international air travel with a mixture of legacy and low fare carriers that provide air service throughout the world. Flights operate from midfield concourses A, B, C and D and from Z-gates connected to the Main Terminal. The Airport has invested in its infrastructure through a major capital program, which included two parking garages, a new airport traffic control tower, expanded B-gates, a new fourth runway, an AeroTrain people mover system and an expanded International Arrivals Building. The airport is connected to the region’s highway system via an Authority-operated, 16-mile Airport Access Highway dedicated to airport users. A 23-mile expansion of the region’s Metrorail system that includes a station at Dulles is under construction.
Dulles has significant capacity for future growth. With minor expansion, the current facilities could accommodate 45 million annual passengers (22.5 million enplanements). With all future facilities in the master plan constructed, the airport could accommodate 70 million annual passengers (35 million enplanements) operating out of 250 airline gates. The current four-runway configuration has a capacity of up to 600,000 aircraft operations per year. With a future fifth runway constructed, the airfield capacity could increase to 1 million aircraft operations per year.
The Dulles Corridor Metrorail Project is a 23-mile extension of Washington’s existing Metrorail System. It is being built in two phases by the Metropolitan Washington Airports Authority (MWAA).
Phase 1 of the new line opened on July 26, 2014, connecting East Falls Church with Tysons Corner and Reston, Virginia’s largest employment centers, with downtown Washington and Largo, Maryland. Known as the Silver Line, the extension is operated by the Metropolitan Washington Area Transit Authority (WMATA).
Preliminary construction for Phase 2 began in 2014. It will run from the eastern edge of Reston west to Washington Dulles International Airport and to Ashburn in eastern Loudoun County.
When both phases are complete, the line will provide a one-seat, no transfer ride from Dulles to downtown Washington creating long-sought after connectivity between the burgeoning Dulles corridor and the nation’s capital. The extension includes 11 new stations.
Phase 1 includes five stations along 11.7 miles. Four are in Tysons Corner and the fifth, which serves as the temporary terminus, is on the eastern edge of Reston.
McLean Station is on the northwest side of Route 123 at Scotts Crossing/Colshire Drive (aerial).
Tysons Corner Station is on the north side of Route 123 at Tysons Boulevard (aerial).
Greensboro Station is in the median of Route 7, just west of the Route 123 overpass (half below ground, half at grade).
Spring Hill Station is in the median of Route 7 at Spring Hill Road (aerial).
Wiehle-Reston East Station is in the median of the Dulles Toll Road/Dulles Airport Access Highway just west of the Wiehle Avenue overpass (at grade).
Phase 1 Contractor
In March 2008, MWAA and Dulles Transit Partners signed a $1.6 billion fixed-price construction contract to build Phase 1, keeping the anticipated costs of the project to $2.6 billion.
Phase 2 will include six stations along 11.4 miles from the Wiehle-Reston East Station to Ashburn. Locations are:
Reston Town Center Station is in the median of the Dulles Toll Road/Dulles Airport Access Highway just west of the Reston Parkway overpass (at grade).
Herndon Station is in the median of the Dulles Toll Road/Dulles Airport Access Highway near the existing Herndon-Monroe Park and Ride lot (at grade).
Innovation Station is in the median of the Dulles Toll Road/ Dulles Airport Access Highway east of Route 28 near the Center for Innovative Technology (at grade).
Dulles Airport Station is along Saarinen Circle across from the terminal (aerial).
Route 606 Station* is along Route 606 on the west side of Dulles Airport in the median of the Dulles Greenway (at grade).
Route 772 Station* is in the median of the Dulles Greenway at Route 772/Ashburn Village Boulevard (at grade).
*Temporary construction station names, final station names to be determined.
Phase 2 Contractors
On May 14, 2013, the Airports Authority awarded a design-built contract for the major portion of Phase 2 to Capital Rail Constructors, a joint venture of Clark Construction Group and Kiewit Infrastructure South. A notice to proceed was issued on July 9, 2013. The contract includes systems, tracks, and stations.
On August 4, 2014, the Airports Authority awarded a $253 million design-build contract to Hensel Phelps Construction Company for the rail yard and maintenance facility which is being built on Dulles Airport property as part of Phase 2. Construction will begin in 2015.
Construction of Phase 2 will take five years. A completion date has not been set.
Most of the rail extension is in the median of the Dulles International Airport Access Highway and Dulles Toll Road, but the Silver Line alignment also serves Tysons Corner and Dulles Airport. The rail line leaves the Dulles Connector Road and travels along the northwest side of Route 123, through a tunnel at the intersection of Routes 7 and 123 and then westward in the median of Route 7 before rejoining the median of the Dulles Toll Road/Dulles Airport Access Highway.
The extension includes 11 Metrorail stations, a new rail yard on Dulles Airport property and improvements to an existing rail yard at the West Falls Church Station. This alignment was selected because it offers the highest ridership potential with the fewest impacts on residential areas and the natural environment.