Hard to believe that stuff that happened all in many of our lives is now called HISTORIC.
Photo at top: Northbound Silver Star in 1977
Amtrak was incorporated in 1971, and spent much of that decade establishing its operations, route network, and design and branding. USA TODAY Travel asked Amtrak to search its archives for photos and materials that show what American rail travel was like in the 1970s. From the TurboTrain to the Metroclub, be prepared for a groovy trip down memory lane!
On May 8, 1945, millions of people around the globe took to the streets to celebrate the World War II surrender of Germany on what came to be known as Victory in Europe Day, or V-E Day. At 2:41 a.m. local time the previous day, representatives from the victorious Allied nations met with German officials in Reims, France, to sign the official surrender documents but, in accordance with an earlier agreement between leaders in the United States, Soviet Union and United Kingdom, the news of the end of hostilities on the continent was withheld for 24 hours and announced simultaneously on the 8th. In London, spotlights in the form of a “V” for victory were turned on over St. Paul’s Cathedral—although it took some time to get them working again after nearly six years of wartime blackouts. In the United States a newly…
The tank car imploded only after sustaining significant external damage. Photo: AllTranstek LLC
In mid-January, the Discovery Channel aired an episode of MythBusters that featured the TV show’s biggest logistical operation to date: an investigation into the legend of the imploding tank car.
The premise was that a tank car would collapse if its internal pressure fell significantly below outside air pressure. According to legend, the scenario played out for an unsuspecting locomotive engineer who steam-cleaned a car during a rainstorm. He stepped out and sealed the unit full of hot steam, which condensed and contracted from the rain. The resulting pressure differential supposedly caused the car to crumple.
The team behind the long-running popular science series had been hoping to tackle the myth for nearly a decade, says Dan Tapster, MythBusters’ executive producer.
“We had numerous attempts but never really made much progress at all,” he says. “For our final season, this was the sort of big story that we wanted to do, so we pulled out all the stops and decided to go for it.”
One of the biggest hurdles the producers faced? Obtaining cars they could test. So, the MythBusters team got in touch with rail consulting firm AllTranstek LLC, which provided general guidance, two DOT-111 tank cars, and a site in Boardman, Ore., to carry out the experiment.
“They were exactly the kind of ‘one-stop shop’ that we needed for an experiment of this nature,” says Tapster.
In the wake of several high-profile derailments involving the same DOT-111 cars shipping crude oil, AllTranstek’s leaders initially were hesitant about linking the company name with the experiment. After further consideration, they decided that participating in the show could actually be a positive thing for the company and the rail industry as a whole.
“It was a good technical experiment that we wanted to participate in,” says Dave Ronzani, director of rail-car regulatory compliance at AllTranstek. “We were going to be able to bring some data to the industry.”
Plus, the company could help the crew carry out the experiment safely.
“These guys were going to do it anyway, and we wanted to make sure they did it the right way and with the right supervision,” adds Dick Kloster, senior vice president and chief commercial officer at AllTranstek.
The show, whose final season wrapped up earlier this month, typically takes on multiple myths in each episode. But this time, the producers slotted an entire episode to explore the imploding tank car myth.
During the episode, the show’s hosts Jamie Hyneman and Adam Savage tested the myth’s premise on increasingly larger objects, beginning with a one-gallon metal can and eventually moving on to a DOT-111 tank car. They sealed each one with steam and then allowed it to cool to initiate the implosion.
Each object crumpled except the tank car, which didn’t budge even after being steam-cleaned and sprayed with cool water.
In an attempt to initiate an implosion, the MythBusters team first steam-cleaned the rail car (top photo) and then hosed it down with cool water (bottom photo). Photos: AllTranstek LLC
“Everyone involved had told us repeatedly that the tank car would crush with the pressure differential we were dealing with,” says MythBusters’ Tapster. “So when it didn’t we were all left scratching our heads.”
The team rolled out a second tank car to try again, but it was to no avail. Finally, the MythBusters crew dropped a 3,200-pound concrete slab on the car, which created a six-inch dent on top of the unit. With its structural integrity compromised, the car imploded.
As a result, Hyneman and Savage declared the imploding tank car myth “busted.” Absent significant damage, the cars will remain intact, even with the massive pressure differential.
Still, it’s not “completely uncommon” for a tank car to implode, says AllTranstek’s Ronzani, noting that this kind of incident could happen at a shipping facility if a car has been been mishandled or misused.
“We thought the car was going to implode a lot easier than it did,” he says. “I think that it should give some level of satisfaction that the cars are tougher than maybe some people had expected.”
After the show aired Jan. 16, the rail industry’s response was positive, Ronzani says. Most folks that reached out to him found the episode interesting, with some asking a few specific technical questions about the experiment. Others asked how the company got involved and what it was like to participate in the show.
And as for meeting the MythBusters duo?
“It was a lot of fun,” he says. “Both guys posed for pictures with us and autographed our hard hats.”
The Discovery Channel’s trailer for the imploding tank car episode.
Containerized cargo volumes continue to grow at PortMiami. The Port posted an eight percent increase for the first four months of fiscal year 2015-2016 compared to last year, and in January alone cargo moves increased approximately 20 percent.
PortMiami officials attribute the new trends and continued volume growth to more than $1 billion of capital infrastructure projects recently completed. Miami now offers shippers and ocean carriers the deepest channel in the southeast U.S. at 50 feet. Its fast-access tunnel connecting the port directly to the U.S. interstate highway system, and the Florida East Coast Railway (FECR) on-dock intermodal rail service provide rapid turnaround time for the movement of import and export cargo while connecting to a network reaching 70 percent of the U.S. population within four days.
“FECR saw a substantial increase from the previous year in intermodal volume at the on-dock rail facility,” said Jim Hertwig, the company’s CEO. “Today we are positioned to support vessels capable of hauling more than 10,000 TEU, and FECR will continue to promote multi-modal shipping and support global trade into and out of South Florida, alongside our partners at PortMiami.”
” We are continually striving to create new programs, incentives and infrastructure accommodations for our customers,” said Port Director and CEO Juan M. Kuryla. “We are confident that international trade and commerce at PortMiami will only get stronger as we continue to work on expanding our services into emerging markets such as Africa, Asia, India and others. The completion of the Panama Canal expansion will be a game changer for Miami, as there is no other port on the east coast south of Virginia capable of handling neo-panamax vessels.”*
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